CPR

C.P.R For Animals

A

ASSESSMENT

  • 1. Survey the scene for safety.
  • 2. Stimulate the animal – Shake gently and call its name Loudly.
  • 3. Call for help! Call your veterinary emergency hospital or clinic And arrange for transport.
  • 4. Make sure animal is on hard flat surface. Move only if Necessary. Support neck and spine when turning or moving The animal.

AIRWAY

To OPEN The AIRWAY

  • 1. Place in the correct position. See Below.
  • 2. Pull tongue forward. (In animals less than 5 pounds, tongue Will fall forward on its own. Do not force your finger into Mouth to pull tongue forward with small animals.)
  • 3. Sweep contents of mouth out.
  • 4. Close mouth – Keeping mouth closed over the tongue. Hyper-extend head to normal sniffing position.
B

BREATHING

LOOK. LISTEN and FEEL for BREATHING

  • 1. Hold mouth shut. Place your mouth over pet’s mouth.
  • 2. Give two full breaths – mouth to nose. (In animals less than
  • 5 pounds, give two small breaths; Only enough air to make
  • the chest rise. Because of the anatomy, you may have to
  • place your mouth over your pet’s mouth and nose).
C

CIRCULATION/COMPRESSIONS

  • 1. Check the femoral pulse for 10 seconds.
  • 2. If there is a pulse present but no breathing, then RESCUE BREATHING.
  • 3. If there is no pulse, or if there is a pulse present but it is less Than 30 start COMPRESSIONS. Follow chart below.

FOR ANIMALS NOT BREATHING BUT WITH A PULSE

RESCUE BREATHING

CPR_ANIMALS_1

  • 1. To open airway: See Description under A = AIRWAY in C.P.R.
  • 2. If not breathing, then breathe for animal at the RESCUE BREATHING RATE shown below.
  • 3. Keep the head hyper-extended in normal sniffing position at all times and mouth locked over the tongue.
  • 4. Keep checking for femoral pulse – IF THE PULSE IS LOST, RESUME FULL C.P.R. PROCEDURE. Under C = CIRCULATION/COMPRESSIONS – 3.

OBSTRUCTED AIRWAY PROCEDURE

FOR CONSCIOUS ANIMAL

CPR_ANIMALS_2

  • 1. Perform Heimlich maneuver. Forcefully give 5 to 10 inward and upward thrusts in the sub-diaphragmatic (under the last rib) abdominal area. Continue to monitor the pulse.
  • 2. If the obstruction is relieved and the pulse veterinarian as soon as possible.
  • 3. IF PULSE IS LOST, RESUME FULL C.P.R. PROCEDURE Under – C = CIRCULATION/COMPRESSIONS – 3.

FOR UNCONSCIOUS ANIMAL

  • 1. Open the Airway. As described in C.P.R. Procedure A
  • 2. Pull tongue forward. Finger sweep to remove foreign body. In neonates tongue will fall forward on its own. Do not force your finger into mouth to pull tongue forward.
  • 3. Lock mouth over tongue. Give two full breaths, mouth to nose. In small pets, give two small breaths, just enough to make chest rise.

IF VENTILATIONS ARE UNSUCCESSFUL

  • 1. Perform Heimlich maneuver of 5-10 inward and upward thrusts in abdominal sub-diaphragmatic (under the last rib) area.
  • 2. Perform blind finger sweep for possibly dislodging foreign object.</li.
  • 3. Attempt to reventilate 1 time. Repeat procedure until successful or until help arrives or the animal can be transported to the veterinarian.