CPR


CPR For Animals— The ABC’s of CPR

 

A

ASSESSMENT

  1. Survey the scene for safety.
  2. Stimulate the animal – Shake gently and call its name Loudly.
  3. Call for help! Call your Veterinary Emergency Hospital or clinic and arrange for transport.
  4. Make sure animal is on hard flat surface. Move only if Necessary. Support neck and spine when turning or moving the animal.

AIRWAY

To OPEN The AIRWAY
CPR_ANIMALS_1

  1. Place in the correct position. See Above.
  2. Pull tongue forward. (In animals less than 5 pounds, tongue Will fall forward on its own. Do not force your finger into Mouth to pull tongue forward with small animals.)
  3. Sweep contents of mouth out.
  4. Close mouth – Keeping mouth closed over the tongue. Hyper-extend head to normal sniffing position.
 

B

BREATHING

LOOK. LISTEN and FEEL for BREATHING

  1. Hold mouth shut. Place your mouth over pet’s mouth.
  2. Give two full breaths – mouth to nose.
    In animals less than 5 pounds, give two small breaths; Only enough air to make
    the chest rise. Because of the anatomy, you may have to
    place your mouth over your pet’s mouth and nose).
 

C

CIRCULATION/COMPRESSIONS

  1. Check the femoral pulse for 10 seconds.
  2. If there is a pulse present but no breathing, then RESCUE BREATHING.
  3. If there is no pulse, or if there is a pulse present but it is less than 30, start COMPRESSIONS. Follow chart below.
 

FOR ANIMALS NOT BREATHING BUT WITH A PULSE

RESCUE BREATHING

CPR_ANIMALS_1
  1. To open airway: See Description under Procedure A = AIRWAY.
  2. If not breathing, then breathe for animal at the RESCUE BREATHING RATE shown below.
  3. Keep the head hyper-extended in normal sniffing position at all times and mouth locked over the tongue.
  4. Keep checking for femoral pulse— IF THE PULSE IS LOST, RESUME FULL C.P.R.— See PROCEDURE C–3 = CIRCULATION/COMPRESSIONS.
 

OBSTRUCTED AIRWAY PROCEDURE

FOR CONSCIOUS ANIMAL

CPR_ANIMALS_2
  1. Perform Heimlich maneuver. Forcefully give 5 to 10 inward and upward thrusts in the sub-diaphragmatic (under the last rib) abdominal area. Continue to monitor the pulse.
  2. If the obstruction is relieved and the pulse veterinarian as soon as possible.
  3. IF PULSE IS LOST, RESUME FULL C.P.R.— See PROCEDURE C–3 = CIRCULATION/COMPRESSIONS.

FOR UNCONSCIOUS ANIMAL

  1. Open the Airway. As described in Procedure A
  2. Pull tongue forward. Finger sweep to remove foreign body. In neonates tongue will fall forward on its own. Do not force your finger into mouth to pull tongue forward.
  3. Lock mouth over tongue. Give two full breaths, mouth to nose. In small pets, give two small breaths, just enough to make chest rise.

IF VENTILATIONS ARE UNSUCCESSFUL

  1. Perform Heimlich Maneuver of 5-10 inward and upward thrusts in abdominal sub-diaphragmatic (under the last rib) area.
  2. Perform blind finger sweep for possibly dislodging foreign object.
  3. Attempt to reventilate 1 time. Repeat procedure until successful or until help arrives or the animal can be transported to the veterinarian.