Technique Chart

COMPRESSIONS / RESCUE BREATHING TECHNIQUE CHART

  NEONATE NEWBORN TOY and SMALL 6-20 Pounds MEDIUM to LARGE 21-125 Pounds GIANT BREED Over 125 Pounds
RESCUE BREATHING RATE Give one breath Every 2 seconds or 30 breaths per minute Give one breath every 3 seconds or 20 breaths per minute Give one breath every 4 seconds or 15 breaths per minute Give on breath every 5 seconds or 12 breaths per minute
CPR_ANIMALS_3 CPR_ANIMALS_4 CPR_ANIMALS_5 CPR_ANIMALS_6
POSITION Place animal on its Back in Palm of hand with head on wrist Place animal on Right Side Can also place on back Place animal on Right Side. Can also place on back. Place animal on Right Side.Can also place on back.
COMPRESSIONS With finger midline over the upper third of the Sternum, compress as if You were squeezing the Two side of the chest together Fingers over third rib space compress chest briskly – 1 – 1.5 inches in depth. Palm of one hand midling over third rib space, other hand on Top of fist to compress 1.5 to 2 inches in depth. Two hands clasped midline over third rib space compress 2 to 3 inches in depth.
RATE Squeeze as quickly as Possible 120-140 per minute 100-120 per minute. 80-100 per minute. 60-80 per minute.
BREATH TO COMPRESSION RATIO Perform 1 breath to every 2 compressions. Perform 1 breath to every 3 compressions. Perform 1 breath to every 5 compressions. Perform 2 breaths to every 15 compressions.
Always transport the animal as soon as possible to the veterinarian, even if the animal appears to have been successfully resuscitated.
Heat Exhaustion / Heatstroke Bloat

Heat Exhaustion

Bloat is a medical emergency which affects large breed dogs and is

Often related to prolonged exposure to excessively hot and humid Environment

stomach so that the gas cannot exit

SIGNS

  • Weakness and unsteady gait

CAUSES

  • Skin cool to touch

  • Dilation of the dog’s stomach occurs first and usually occurs many times in dogs without any outward signs. Only when the stomach twists does the problem occur.

  • Pupils dilated

  • Once a day feeding predisposes to bloat.

  • Gums and tongue are bright red at first followed by pale grayish-pink.

  • Exercise after feeding predisposes to bloat.

  • Body temperature subnormal

ACTION TO TAKE

  • Nausea and vomiting.

  • Transport to veterinarian as soon as possible.

ACTION TO TAKE

Note: The following are recommendations

  • Remove to a cool area.

to be done only when veterinary care is

  • Try to give small amounts of water to drink

not available.

  • Take to veterinarian immediately.

  • Release of the gas is the most important

first step

Heatstroke

  • Place a roll of tape into the dog’s mouth

Usually induced by confinement to a poorly ventilated cage or Vehicle in hot weather

and tie the mouth shut with gauze.

SIGNS

  • Measure the tube from the front teeth to

  • Rapid panting and/or grasping.

the last rib and mark the tube at this

  • Skin, especially ears, very warm to the touch.

distance.

  • Tongue dry (may be purplish-blue).

  • Pass a large bore well-lubricated tube

  • Prostration (collapse).

into the stomach. Use a water hose or

  • Loss of consciousness.

siphon hose. Do not pass tube beyond

ACTION TO TAKE

mark.

  • Cool immediately in shower, bath or other source of running water.

  • Firm gentle pressure is used to pass the

Fans or cool air blowing on wet fur aids cooling.

tube. Entry into the stomach is aided by

  • May place rubbing alcohol on skin of ears and feet to enhance cooling.

rotating the tube slightly while pushing.

  • May use ice-water but do not cool below 104 degrees as measured

  • If unable to pass tube, then force the

by rectal thermometer

patient to sit up to reduce pressure on the stomach and allow tube

  • Give small amount of water to drink.

passage.

  • Always transport the animal as soon as possible to the veterinarian even if

  • If passage still not possible, then needle decompression is used to

the animal appears to have been successfully resuscitated.

release pressure and allow passage of the tube.

COMPLICATIONS

  • The right side behind the last rib is scrubbed and a 14 to 16 gauge

  • Heatstroke is associated with seizures and possible brain damage

needle is quickly place through the skin and into the stomach.

  • Diarrhea is commonly associated with heatstroke. It may be blood

  • Transport to the veterinarian with the tube still in place for treatment of

  • Kidney failure can occur as long as weeks after the heat stroke.

shock and heart damage caused by the event.

  • Fatal bleeding problems may occur as a result of heatstroke.

  • To prevent bloat, feed small meals frequently through the day and do

  • Fatal bleeding problems may occur as a result of heatstroke.

  • To prevent bloat, feed small meals frequently through the day and do

  • Fatal bleeding problems may occur as a result of heatstroke.

not allow exercise after over-eating.