Kidney failure in dogs can be caused by many conditions that impair the overall health and capability of the kidneys and their related organs. The functions of the kidney include but is not limited to the following:
- Regulation of hydration
- Release of hormones necessary to produce red blood cells
- Removal of toxins
- Maintaining a normal balance of electrolytes
When a dog experiences kidney failure, it means that the kidney is unable to perform these functions effectively and efficiently.
Our SafariVet team shares their wealth of knowledge on the types of kidney failure in dogs, symptoms associated with it, and the best treatment for kidney failure.
Types of kidney failure:
There are two types of kidney failure in dogs namely Acute kidney failure and chronic kidney failure.
Acute Kidney Failure:
This is usually linked with harmful toxins or infections. Acute kidney failure causes the kidney function to suddenly decline usually in a few hours or days.
Chronic Kidney Failure:
This is a gradual, progressive degeneration of the kidney. It is usually more severe as it has been building up over time. There is no cure and by the time the dog shows signs of kidney failure of this type, the nephrons have been irreparably damaged. Some breeds of dogs are more predisposed to kidney failure than others.
Symptoms Of Kidney Failure In Dogs:
There are popular symptoms associated with kidney failure in dogs. They include excessive drinking of water, production of large volumes of urine, general depression associated with elevation of waste products in blood, overall weakness caused by low potassium in the blood, blood in urine, lethargy, pale gums, ulcers in the mouth, intestinal seizures, significant weight loss, and uncoordinated movement that may include stumbling, tremors, etc., massive decrease in appetite, chemical-like breath.
Treatment for Kidney Failure in Dogs:
A visit to the veterinarian will be needed to rule out all other diseases and confirm that it is truly kidney failure and determine the extent and severity of the kidney failure. Physical tests, blood and urine tests will be conducted to detect the presence of abnormalities and rule out other diseases.
The severity of the kidney failure will determine the type of treatment to be chosen by the veterinarian. Treatment in increasing order of aggressiveness includes IV fluids, fluid therapy, dialysis, or a kidney transplant. It is important to remember that chronic kidney disease cannot be cured. The treatments are intended to reduce the workload of the affected kidneys and to reduce accumulating wastes. It is also very likely for the vet to suggest changes in your dog’s diet in order to slow the progression of the disease and improve the pet’s overall well-being.
Can a dog recover from renal failure?
While dogs with acute kidney failure can recover if it is treated on time and aggressively, chronic kidney failure, unfortunately, cannot be reversed, rather it can only be managed with expert veterinary care. Do not hesitate to reach out to our Safari Veterinary Care Center team of experts today to book an appointment for your dog.
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