What Is Seizure In Dogs? What Can Trigger A Seizure In A Dog At Houston, TX?
Seizures in dogs are sudden uncontrolled activity triggered by abnormal brain functionality. It’s likely to influence a pet’s whole body, or if less, affect a certain portion of the same. There are several causes, for instance, heat exhaustion, epilepsy, and the like for seizures to happen. But you need no longer worry about it—as proficient vets at Safari Veterinary Care Centers understand how it feels when your dog experiences a traumatic situation caused by a seizure. In this article, we’ve brought along an extensive guide on seizures in dogs along with their causes. Let’s dig deeper!
What Are Seizures in Dogs? What Toxins Can Cause Seizures In Dogs?
Before we know the remedy, we should first know the basics about seizures in dogs. A seizure happens to take place when the cerebral cortex inside the brain stops functioning in the way it should, or begins to malfunction. It causes a dog to lose control over their body, and cause severe convulsions. Seizures in dogs, at times, occur once and then never, whereas, sometimes happiness to be again and again.
Types Of Seizures In Dogs
Contrary to that in humans, where there’s a multitude of types of seizures and their symptoms, seizures in dogs are of two types— Focal seizures, and Generalized seizures. The former is limited to one region of the brain, whereas, the latter influences the whole brain. In case of generalized seizures, the dogs are likely to lose consciousness, after that, they appear confused and off-track. Let’s know in the details!
Focal or Partial Seizures
It merely influences a certain side of the brain of your dog. Focal seizures have symptoms including hallucinations causing the dog to snarl at nothing, bite in the air, hackle standing on end, and the like. It can be difficult to recognize these sorts of seizures–as they’re likely to be considered strange behavior.
It’s another type of seizure that impacts both sides of the brain. Some of the common symptoms of this seizure might be jerking, sudden collapse and loss of consciousness, muscle contractions, and the like.
Note that focal or partial seizures tend to progress into generalized seizures. They develop when your dog’s initial seizures are not cured earlier. Hence, pet owners need to bear it in mind and pay extra attention to their dog’s behavior and symptoms.
Symptoms/Signs of Seizures In Dogs
Following are some of the alarming signs of seizures in dogs.
- Loss of consciousness
- Frantic paddling of dogs
- Uncontrolled shaking
- Urinating and/or defecating
- Uncontrolled shaking
Causes of Seizures In Dogs?
When it comes to causes, they’re of two types–extracranial and intracranial.
These seizures occur elsewhere in the body–outside of the brain, but still causes the dog’s brain and are responsible for triggering the seizure activities. The primary extracranial factors responsible for seizures include hypocalcemia, hypoglycemia, hypothyroidism, hyperthermia, liver disease, and ingestion of poisons, for instance, caffeine and chocolate.
These causes of seizures are diseases, causing either functional or structural changes in your dog’s brain. That alter the dog’s brain either structurally or functionally. Genetic epilepsy, tumors, nutritional imbalances, trauma to the brain, autoimmune disease, or infectious diseases, for instance, rabies, and canine distemper virus (CDV), are some of the primary causes of intracranial causes.
What to Do When You Find Signs of Seizures In Dogs?
- During, and after a seizure, keep your dog from getting injured.
- Protect yourself from being bitten by the dog.
- Keep it away from water, while helping it not fall from a height.
- Keep other pets away–as some dogs get aggressive after or while having a seizure.
- Take note of the time when seizures begin and end.
- In case the seizure or convulsion lasts longer than 3 minutes, try to cool the dog with cool, but not cold water on the ears, feet, bally, and find veterinary care as soon as possible.
- Don’t be late seeking veterinary care in case your dog experiences two or more seizures within 24 hours.
- If your dog has a seizure that lasts less than 3 minutes and seems to be cured completely, even then contact a vet for further instructions.
- In case your dog loses consciousness, stops breathing, and the like, begin CPCR (formerly known as CPR).
What Are Some Dog Breeds, More Prone To Seizures?
There are a variety of dog breeds out there in the world. Some of them are more likely to get affected by seizures while others may be less vulnerable to that. Following are some of the dog breeds which tend to be more at risk of experiencing seizures.
- Large herding and retriever dogs including Labrador, Golden Retrievers, German Shepherds, and Australian Shepherds.
- Breeds with flat, and short noses, for instance, Boston Terriers, English Bulldogs, and Pugs.
Note that the Bull Terriers may have their own inherited form of epilepsy, triggering behaviors including irrational fear, unprovoked aggression, tail chasing, and so on.
Are Seizures Life-Threatening To My Dog?
Yes, there are circumstances in which seizures can be fatal for your lovely pet. In case your dog is having a seizure because of poison, has had a seizure that lasted for more than 3 minutes, or has had several seizures in a row, you shouldn’t delay contacting a vet. Seizures which last for more than 5 minutes are likely to perennially damage the brain, so appropriate treatments and care on time are essential.
When Should I Consider Seizures As An Emergency?
There may be other circumstances, however, the most common sign that you should factor-in to characterize an emergency seizure are the following:
- When a seizure lasts as long as 3 minutes or even more.
- When your dog experiences 3 or more than three seizures within 24 hours or even less than that.
In case you find your dog getting into a troublesome situation like this, you should contact your vet neurologist in no time.
When Should I Look for a Treatment for My Dog Seizures?
Seizures, in general, tend to last no longer than a few minutes. If you’re careful and ensure getting proper treatment, your dog will get well and live a healthy and longer life. That said, seizures are serious for health and even if they are for a short time can influence the brain up to a large extent. If your dog shows any sign of having a seizure, it’s essential to contact a veterinarian for treatment.
That’s pretty much about seizures in dogs, and what can trigger a seizure in a dog. We’ve done a comprehensive analysis and hopefully, you’ll get the most out of it when it comes to preventing your dog from this fetal disease.