What Is Skin Disease In Dogs? Types Of Dog Skin Diseases And Treatment Of Common Dog Skin Problems

What Is Skin Disease In Dogs? Types Of Dog Skin Diseases And Treatment Of Common Dog Skin Problems

Dermatology is a specialty that handles both surgical and nonsurgical problems associated with the skin. A dermatologist is a specialist medical doctor who manages skin-related diseases. Among the leading dermatological specialists in the country are those at SafariVet.

Structure and Function of the skin

The skin is made up of two layers namely: the epidermis which is the outer layer and the dermis which is the inner layer. The subcutaneous fatty tissue is
underneath the dermis.

The skin is the largest organ of your dog’s body and depending on species and age may make up between 10 to 25% of the weight.

The function of the skin includes but is not limited to the following:

  1. Protection:

    It provides a shielding barrier against the environment by regulating temperature, protecting the internal organs from injury, micro-organisms, etc.

  2. Regulation:

    The skin regulates temperature via sweat and hair and changes in fluid balance via sweat.

  3. Storage:

    It also acts as a reservoir for the synthesis of Vitamin D and fat deposits are stored beneath the dermis.

  4. Sensation:

    There are millions of nerve cells in the skin that detect and relay changes in the environment. There are distinct receptors for cold, touch, heat, and pain.

Common dog skin disorders

There are several dog skin disorders including allergies, infections, and skin problems like oily skin, dandruff, dermatitis, mange, folliculitis, etc.

Treatment Of Common Dog Skin Problems

Pay attention to your dog at all times because they cannot speak and as such, they will rely on your keen sense of observation to save them, time and time again. We will be sharing some of our favorite methods of soothing skin irritation in order to ease your dog’s discomfort and reduce the risk of side effects:

  1. Oatmeal Baths:

    Oatmeal baths is a remedy for itchy skin that works well on canines. Add the powder to a warm bath. Let your dog sit in the water for about 10 mins that the skin can absorb the proteins and oils in the oatmeal powder. Rinse the dog thoroughly afterward.

  2. Medicated Shampoos:

    Medicated shampoos have become very popular in recent times because they work for most canine skin conditions. Make sure you follow all directions carefully and stop use immediately if your dog’s skin condition worsens and consult your vet.

  3. Supplements:

    Speak to your doctor about what kinds of supplements you need to add to support the meals of your dog including probiotic supplements.

  4. Vitamin E Oil:

    This is a dog favorite because all dogs love massages. Applying Vitamin E oil on the skin of your dog will make it happy. It will also soothe irritated spots on the skin and promote rapid healing.

  5. Flea and Tick Treatments:

    Ensure that your dog is getting regular flea and tick treatments as failure to do so could have catastrophic effects.


When your dog is experiencing skin problems, it is important to first consult a vet clinic preferably Safari Veterinary Care Centers for proper assessment.

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Complete Guide to Dermatology – Structure & Function of Skin in Dogs and Cats

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