Advanced Imaging




This photo shows the MRI machine setup of the areas to be scanned. Each cluster of green lines is placed over an intervertebral disc space. Each line represents a slice or scan through that area. Dr. Garner oversees this setup so that diagnostic images are obtained from your pet. Each pet has a coil placed around the area to be imaged. Then the pet is placed inside the magnetic field for imaging. The pet is under general anesthesia to prevent any movement.



Fluoroscopic C-Arm X-Ray At Safari

The C-arm is a X-ray machine shown here with the pet on a special table. The x-ray emitter is above the head of the technician holding the pet and the receiver head is below the pet and table.


The images show up on the computer screens on the console across the room. The images are real time video. This allows the doctor to “see” the placement of a needle into the body. We use this machine commonly to place stem cells into the exact location of a spinal injury or into an intervertebral disc. The C-arm can be rotated so that animals on the surgery table can be imaged as shown in the second image. In some cases fractures can be “set” using the C-arm to visualze the bones and pins can be placed without open surgical approaches thereby sparing the pet and the limb the surgical trauma that accompanies open fracture repair.


Fluoroscopic C-Arm X-Ray used to diagnose rare blood vessel anomaly called Porto Systemic Shunt


This is an intraoperative view of using the C-arm during a surgical procedure. This is a small terrier mix dog under anesthesia. A small catheter is placed into the mesenteric vein of the small intestine. The purpose of the C-Arm here is to visualize an abnormal vessel that is diverting blood flow from the intestine bypassing the liver to the vena cava.


This disease is called porto-caval or portosystemic shunt and can be corrected surgically if the abnormal vessel can be located. A dye that shows up dark on the image generated by the C Arm. Dye is injected to demonstrate the flow of blood. In the picture below the Intestine Blood Vessel is catherized and the dye flows through the blood vessels of the intestine into the vena cava. The liver (under the vena cava) is bypassed.

Fluoroscopic C-Arm X-Ray used to drain overfilled swim-bladder in goldfish



Alice is a goldfish that is swimming up-side-down because she has a disease of her swim bladder. We have tried treatiing her with antibiotics and other remedies to no avail. We will now drain the excess air with guidance from our special fluoroscopic x-ray machine.

This equipment takes the guesswork out of this procedure. Real time video allows the surgeon to see his needle placement into the correct location.


Swim bladder disease is difficult if not impossible to manage so while the prognosis for this fish is not great it is good to have the ability to make it more normal even if it is just for awhile.